José Martínez y Saldivar founded our city. He was a wealthy man from Cuba. He bought a plantation in Columbia County which he named El Cordero Ranch ("The Lamb Ranch"). He wanted to be an American soldier. He ended up having four daughters that married very wealthy men; one being Dr. Perrin who died around 1940. Martinez is home to the start of the Augusta Canal, built in 1845, the head gates harnessed the power of the Savannah River, providing water and transportation to the city. The dam also powered many factories that sprung up along the canal, propelling Augusta to a city of recognition in the South. Martinez is centrally located to wonderful shops and businesses and is a few minutes from beautiful Lake Thurmond. The median income for a household in the CDP was $68,300, and the median income for a family was $80,390. Males had a median income of $47,312 versus $30,821 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $29,345. About 2.5% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.5% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those ages 65 or over. Martinez, Ga is a most desirable place to call home, with an extremely low crime rate, perfect climate, amazing restaurants and an abundance of outdoor activity options, you couldn't ask for a better place to raise your family!